BBC News - Italy furious after Brazil's Lula refuses extradition
Italy has reacted with fury to the Brazilian president's decision on his last day in office not to extradite an Italian former left-wing militant.
The Italian foreign ministry recalled its ambassador to Brazil, while the defence minister said Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva had shown a "lack of courage".
But Brazil's government said the move was not an "affront" to another state.
Cesare Battisti has been convicted in absentia of murdering four people in Italy between 1978 and 1979.
The 56-year-old has maintained his innocence, saying he is the victim of political persecution in Italy and that he risks being killed if extradited.